The longer a person has diabetes, the higher the risk for this complication, which can lead to blindness .
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness for people aged 20 to 64 years. It is a progressive disease. 80% of diabetics, who’ve had diabetes for 20 years, are in jeopardy of developing retinopathy. A patient may be asymptomatic or may experience symptoms ranging from blurred vision to blindness.
Your eye’s retina creates impulses that travel through the optic nerve, via cells that are photosensitive. When the retina’s nerves become damaged, serious side effects (up to and including blindness) can present themselves.
The f irst stage of diabetic retinopathy is called non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy or NPDR. During NPDR, blood vessels in the retina weaken and develop small bumps, called microaneurysms .
Microaneurysms can potentially burst into small blood spots, or hemorrhages. Frighteningly, there are usually no tangible physical symptoms at this stage; the only way to detect NPDR is a professional eye exam in which an image of the back of the eye is captured.
Macular edema (when damaged blood vessels in the eye leak their contents) can occur at any point during NPDR and can cause blurred, darkened or distorted images that are not the same in both eyes.
As retinopathy progresses, the 2nd stage, known as proliferative diabetic retinopathy ( or PDR ) ensues. At this point, new abnormal blood vessels form at the back of the eye (neovascularization). These vessels may potentially burst and bleed ( vitreous hemorrhage ). In extreme cases, a person may only recognize light from dark in that eye.
Diabetic Retinopathy Symptoms
- Trouble seeing at night
- Blurred sight
- Dark or empty spots in vision
- Small objects drifting through field of vision (floaters)
- Loss of ability to see colors
Retinopathy can develop in either patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The longer you’ve had diabetes and uncontrolled blood sugar, the more likely you are to experience retinopathy.
If you suspect that you may be suffering from retinopathy, it is critical that you seek medical attention as soon as possible. An eye exam with a procedure in which a doctor dilates your eyes’ pupils to search for any changes or developments in their blood vessels will be conducted. If the retina is found to be swollen, has new abnormal vessels or is detached, it’s a strong indicator that you may have the disease.
With early detection and treatment, diabetic retinopathy can be tended to, without being given a real chance to worsen. When treated before severe retinal damage has stricken, those diagnosed with advanced retinopathy have a 95% chance of keeping their vision.
At koya diabetes care , every day our advanced therapy allows patients relief from their retinopathy symptoms and preservation of their visual acuity.
When you entrust our center to treat your diabetic symptoms you’ve elected to partner with some of the best solutions available to diabetics. Our patients almost immediately notice improvements in their condition.
Don’t allow retinopathy symptoms to rule you or reduce your quality of life any longer. Our professionals at koya diabetes care are here to help. Give us a call at 040-39565230 to set up an appointment today or click here to learn more.